Types of Slugs You Will Find in your Garden


Every morning, I inspect my flower garden for slugs. I look for slimy trails and small holes in the leaves. If I find any, I pick them off and dispose of them. This has been working well, until one day I found a slug that was camouflaged to look like one of my flowers. I didn’t even know they could do that!

Slugs are a common garden pest that can be difficult to control. There are many different types of slugs, but most are small, slimy creatures that feast on your plants. While there are many different species of slugs, there are some common characteristics that can help you identify them.

Most slugs have soft, slimy body that is hard to see in the garden. They range in color from white to black and can be found in a variety of habitats. Slugs typically travel at night and during wet weather when they are less likely to dry out.

To control slugs in your garden, it is important to first identify the type of slug you are dealing with.

Arion Rufus

Arion Rufus, also known as the red-footed field slug, is a common sight in gardens across North America. These slimy creatures can cause problems for gardeners, but they are also an important part of the ecosystem.

Arion Rufus

Here’s what you need to know about Arion Rufus and how to identify them.

  • Arion Rufus is a small slug that can grow up to 2 inches long.
  • They are reddish-brown in color with dark spots on their backs.
  • These slugs are often mistaken for snails, but they can be distinguished by their lack of a shell.
  • Arion Rufus is a hermaphrodite, meaning they have both male and female reproductive organs.
  • This allows them to mate and produce offspring without the need for a partner.

Black Greenhouse Slug

The black greenhouse slug is a small, dark-colored slug that is often found in greenhouses or gardens. These slugs feed on plants so they can do a lot of damage to your crops. If you see these slugs in your garden, you’ll need to take action to control them.

Black Greenhouse Slug

There are a few ways to identify a black greenhouse slug.

  • One way to identify black greenhouse slugs is by their size.
  • These slugs are usually smaller than other types of slugs, so they’re easy to spot.
  • Another way to identify them is by their color.
  • As their name suggests, these slugs are black or very dark brown.

Brown-banded Arion

There are many different types of slugs, but the brown-banded Arion slug is one of the most common. This type of slug is typically brown with a light-colored stripe running down its back. These slugs are found in gardens and other damp areas, and they feed on plants.

Brown-banded Arion

There are a few ways to identify a brown-banded Arion slug.

  • To identify a brown-banded Arion slug, look for the brown coloration and the light stripe.
  • These slugs are typically quite large, so they are easy to spot.
  • If you find one in your garden, remove it immediately, as it can do significant damage to your plants.

European Black and Red Slug

There are many different types of slugs that can be found in Europe, but the most common type is the European red slug. This type of slug is usually red in color, but can also be brown or black. They are typically about 2-3 inches long and have smooth, slimy bodies. These slugs are often found in gardens and on plants, where they feed on leaves and vegetables.

European Black and Red Slug

If you think you may have found a European red slug, there are a few things you can look for to confirm its identity.

  • First, check the color. As mentioned before, most European red slugs are red, but they can also be brown or black.
  • If the slug is any other color, it is likely not this type.
  • Second, look at the size. European red slugs are typically 2-3 inches long.

Gray Field Slug

Slugs are a common garden pest that can be difficult to control. There are many different types of slugs, but the most common is the Gray Field Slug. This type of slug is usually gray or brown in color and has a dark stripe down its back. Gray Field Slugs are often found in gardens, on sidewalks, and in other damp areas. The gray field slug is a common type of slug found in North America.

Gray Field Slug

Here are some tips to identify a gray field slug.

  • These slugs can grow up to 3 inches long.
  • Gray field slugs feed on various plants, including vegetables, fruits, and flowers.
  • To identify a Gray Field Slug, look for its distinctive gray or brown coloration and dark stripe.
  • These slugs are also typically larger than other types of slugs, so they are easy to spot.
  • If you find a slug in your garden or home, it is likely a gray field slug.
  • To prevent these pests from causing damage, remove them from your property and dispose of them properly.

Large Spotted Garden Slug

If you have large spotted garden slugs in your garden, you’re not alone. These pests are a common problem for gardeners. While they’re not harmful to humans, they can cause serious damage to your plants.

Large Spotted Garden Slug

Here’s what you need to know about large spotted garden slugs and how to get rid of them.

  • Large spotted garden slugs are brown or black with dark spots on their bodies. They’re usually about 2-3 inches long but can grow up to 4 inches. They have a slimy texture and produce sticky mucus that helps them move around.
  • These pests feed on the leaves, stems, and flowers of plants. They can cause extensive damage to your crops if left unchecked. To get rid of large spotted garden slugs, you’ll need to use a combination of baits and traps.

Marsh Slug

The marsh slug, or deroceras laeve, is a common garden pest in the UK. It is a small, slimy creature that feeds on plants and can cause damage to your garden.

Marsh Slug

There are a few ways to identify a marsh slug.

  • Look for slimy trails in your garden. These are typically left behind by marsh slugs as they travel.
  • Check for damaged plants. Marsh slugs often eat the leaves of plants, which can cause them to wilt and die.
  • Look for small, dark-colored creatures in your garden. This is usually an indication of a marsh slug infestation.

Reticulated Slug

If you have a reticulated slug in your garden, don’t panic! These pests are actually relatively easy to get rid of, as long as you know how to identify them.

Reticulated Slug

Here’s what you need to know about reticulated slugs and how to get rid of them.

  • Reticulated slugs are a type of gastropod, which means they have a soft body and no shell. They’re usually dark brown or black in color, and they have a distinctive rippled pattern on their back.
  • These pests are attracted to moist environments, so they’re often found in gardens or near water sources.
  • The best way to get rid of the reticulated slug is to simply remove them by hand. Use gloves if you don’t want to get slimy, and place the slugs in a bucket of soapy water.